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Valerian, Garden Heliotrope
Scientific Name: Valeriana officinalis Linn.
Synonym:
Family: Valerianaceae
Valerian, Garden Heliotrope (Valeriana  officinalis)
Valerian at the HBG's herb garden
Recommended Temperature Zone:
sunset: All zones
USDA: 4-10

Sun Exposure: Full sun to light shade

Origin: Europe, northern Asia

Growth Habits: Perennial herb, hollow stems, leaves are close to the grounds, but flower stems reach 4 feet tall (1.2 m); rhizome, up to 12 inches tall (30 cm), 0.2 inch in diameter (5 mm); pinnate leaves with 6 to 10 pairs of lanceolate toothed leaflets, unpleasant aroma when crushed

Watering Needs: Regular water, somewhat drought resistant, needs fertile soil

Propagation: Seeds, root cuttings


The valerian root is sometimes used as herbal tea for its sedative characteristics. It is harvested in the fall, after the plant has finished blooming. The fresh plant has been used in perfumery.

Valeriana_officinalis, Bilder ur Nordens Flora, courtesy of  Project Runeberg

Blooming Habits:
The tiny white or pink fragrant flowers can be used as cut flowers.

Fruiting Habits:


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Desert-Tropicals is dedicated to provide gardening advice, gardening ideas, and information about flower of all kind for landscape and collections. We try to check carefully the identification of the plants on the illustrations as well as the other information from the page, but occasionally errors do occur. if you notice anything that needs to be changed please contact us. Thanks.

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