Previous species
Previous Species

Next Species
Next Species

Home Page

Order CD-ROMs from the site

Tell a Friend

Gardening Books

Gardening Catalogs


Valerian, Garden Heliotrope
Scientific Name: Valeriana officinalis Linn.
Family: Valerianaceae
Valerian, Garden Heliotrope (Valeriana  officinalis)
Valerian at the HBG's herb garden
Recommended Temperature Zone:
sunset: All zones
USDA: 4-10

Sun Exposure: Full sun to light shade

Origin: Europe, northern Asia

Growth Habits: Perennial herb, hollow stems, leaves are close to the grounds, but flower stems reach 4 feet tall (1.2 m); rhizome, up to 12 inches tall (30 cm), 0.2 inch in diameter (5 mm); pinnate leaves with 6 to 10 pairs of lanceolate toothed leaflets, unpleasant aroma when crushed

Watering Needs: Regular water, somewhat drought resistant, needs fertile soil

Propagation: Seeds, root cuttings

The valerian root is sometimes used as herbal tea for its sedative characteristics. It is harvested in the fall, after the plant has finished blooming. The fresh plant has been used in perfumery.

Valeriana_officinalis, Bilder ur Nordens Flora, courtesy of  Project Runeberg

Blooming Habits:
The tiny white or pink fragrant flowers can be used as cut flowers.

Fruiting Habits:

Sponsors: Michigan Bulb - 120 x 60 Lawns Banner! Gurney's 120 x 60 A

We do get a small commission out of these sponsors that helps financing the website.  Let us know if you are satisfied or dissatisfied of their services, since obviously we are trying to advertise only for reputable garden supply companies.  They might be helpful to get plants not generally available at the local garden center, getting a new and unusual gardening tool or get a discount Better Homes and Gardens magazine subscription.


Desert Tropicals Home Page | List of All the Plants | More in the Valerianaceae family | Tell your friends about this page

Desert-Tropicals is dedicated to provide gardening advice, gardening ideas, and information about flower of all kind for landscape and collections. We try to check carefully the identification of the plants on the illustrations as well as the other information from the page, but occasionally errors do occur. if you notice anything that needs to be changed please contact us. Thanks.

1998-2005 Philippe Faucon, All Rights Reserved.