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European Columbine, Granny's Bonnets
Scientific Name: Aquilegia vulgaris L.
Synonym:
Family: Ranunculaceae
European Columbine, Granny's Bonnets (Aquilegia  vulgaris)
Columbine at the Brooklyn Botanical Garden
Recommended Temperature Zone:
sunset: All zones
USDA: 3-9

Frost Tolerance: Hardy to -30F (-35C)

Heat Tolerance: Afternoon shade needed in hot areas, probably better as annual

Sun Exposure: Light shade to full sun

Origin: Europe

Growth Habits: Clump forming perennial, up to 3 feet tall (90 cm), 18 inches spread (45 cm)

Watering Needs: Moderate water, well drained soil

Propagation: Seeds in fall or spring, occasionally division in late winter


The Columbine has been used in gardens for a long time, due mostly to its curious flower shape. It is an old favorite for cottage gardens.

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 3: 20. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc.

Blooming Habits:
The plain European columbine has blue flowers in late spring. There are a number of cultivars with different flower colors

Fruiting Habits:


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Desert-Tropicals is dedicated to provide gardening advice, gardening ideas, and information about flower of all kind for landscape and collections. We try to check carefully the identification of the plants on the illustrations as well as the other information from the page, but occasionally errors do occur. if you notice anything that needs to be changed please contact us. Thanks.

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