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Sweet Gum, Red Gum
Scientific Name: Liquidambar styraciflua L.
Synonym:
Family: Hamamelidaceae
Sweet Gum, Red Gum (Liquidambar  styraciflua)
Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 2: 235. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society.
Recommended Temperature Zone:
sunset: 1-12,14-37
USDA: 5b-9

Heat Tolerance: Not well adapted to Arizona's extreme heat

Sun Exposure: Full sun

Origin: USA (Connecticut to eastern Texas)

Growth Habits: Large deciduous tree, 50 to 150 feet tall (15-45 m) when mature; star-shaped leaves with 5 to 7 lobes, 4 to 6 inches across (10-15 cm); the leaves have often spectacular fall colors.

Watering Needs: Occasional watering during the dry season

Propagation: Seeds, sprouts, stem cuttings


The wood of the liquidambar is used for lumber, veneer, and plywood.

Blooming Habits:
Sweetgum is monoecious. The flowers are green, inconspicuous, and come only on mature trees. The male flowers come in several upright racemes and the female flowers are capped with a globose head, at the end of the same stalk, in March to May. The spiny, globe shaped fruits, 1 inch in diameter, ripens in the fall and often stay on the tree during the winter.

Fruiting Habits:


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