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Holly Oak, Holm Oak
Scientific Name: Quercus ilex L.
Synonym: Quercus smilax, Quercus sempervirens, Quercus montserratensis, Quercus marcetti
Family: Fagaceae
Recommended Temperature Zone:
sunset: 4-24
USDA: 8b-11

Sun Exposure: Full sun

Origin: Mediterranean Basin

Growth Habits: Evergreen tree, 33 to 80 feet tall (10-24 m), or more, 25 feet spread (7.5 m); blackish, scaly bark; dark green leaves, rough looking, 1.2 to 2.8 inches long (3-7 cm), with a smooth to serrate margin, lighter pubescent underside

Watering Needs: Little water, likes lime content in the soil, tolerates drought

Propagation: Fresh seeds, don't let the acorns dry out If the acorns are not fresh, they need to be stratified for at least a month

Blooming Habits:
Monoecious, it blooms in late spring. The male flowers are golden catkins, 1.6 to 2.8 inches long (4-7 cm)

Fruiting Habits:
Oblong acorn, 0.6 to 1.2 inches long (1.5-3 cm), cup covering a third to one half of the fruit.

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Desert-Tropicals is dedicated to provide gardening advice, gardening ideas, and information about flower of all kind for landscape and collections. We try to check carefully the identification of the plants on the illustrations as well as the other information from the page, but occasionally errors do occur. if you notice anything that needs to be changed please contact us. Thanks.

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