Euphorbia

 

There are over 2000 species of Euphorbias in the world. They range from annual weeds to trees. They all have latex and a unique flower structure. A significant percentage is succulent, but they are mostly originating from Africa and Madagascar. The Euphorbias are named after a Greek surgeon called Euphorbus. He was physician of Juba II who was the Romanised king of a North African kingdom, and is supposed to have used their milky latex as an ingredient for his potions.

Species and varieties
Euphorbia abdelkuri
Euphorbia abyssinica
Euphorbia acanthothamnos (Greek Spiny Spurge)
Euphorbia aeruginosa
Euphorbia alfredii
Euphorbia ambovombensis
Euphorbia amygdaloides (Wood Spurge)
Euphorbia angularis
Euphorbia anoplia
Euphorbia antisyphilitica (Candelilla)
Euphorbia aphylla (Tolda, Leafless Spurge)
Euphorbia arbuscula
Euphorbia arida
Euphorbia atrispina
Euphorbia aureoviridiflora
Euphorbia avasmontana
Euphorbia baioensis
Euphorbia barnhartii
Euphorbia biglandulosa (Gopher Plant)
Euphorbia bothae
Euphorbia canariensis (Canary Island Spurge)
Euphorbia capmanambatoensis
Euphorbia cap-saintemariensis
Euphorbia capuronii
Euphorbia caput-medusae (Medusa's Head)
Euphorbia cereiformis (Milk Barrel)
Euphorbia characias
Euphorbia 'Cockleburl'
Euphorbia coerulescens (Sweet Noor)
Euphorbia complexa
Euphorbia cooperi (Transvaal Candelabra Tree, Lesser Candelabra Tree)
Euphorbia cotinifolia (Caribbean Copper Plant)
Euphorbia cuprispina
Euphorbia cylindrifolia var. cylindrifolia
Euphorbia cylindrifolia var. tuberifera
Euphorbia cyparissias (Cypress Spurge)
Euphorbia dauana
Euphorbia debilispina
Euphorbia decaryi
Euphorbia decepta
Euphorbia desmondi
Euphorbia didiereoides
Euphorbia drupifera
Euphorbia duseimata
Euphorbia echinus
Euphorbia enopla
Euphorbia enormis
Euphorbia esculenta
Euphorbia espinosa
Euphorbia evansii
Euphorbia ferox
Euphorbia fianarantsoae
Euphorbia fimbriata
Euphorbia flanagani
Euphorbia fluminis
Euphorbia francoisii
Euphorbia fruticosa
Euphorbia fulgens (Scarlet Plume)
Euphorbia fusca
Euphorbia galgalana
Euphorbia gamkensis
Euphorbia genoudiana
Euphorbia geroldii
Euphorbia gillettii
Euphorbia globosa (Globose Spurge)
Euphorbia gorgonis
Euphorbia gossypina
Euphorbia gottlebei
Euphorbia greenwayi
Euphorbia griffithii
Euphorbia groenewaldii
Euphorbia gymnocalycioides
Euphorbia hedyotoides
Euphorbia heterochroma
Euphorbia heterophylla (Desert Poinsettia, Mexican Fire Plant)
Euphorbia horrida (African Milk Barrel)
Euphorbia horrida var. noorsveldensis
Euphorbia inconstantia
Euphorbia inermis
Euphorbia ingens (Naboom, Candelabra Tree)
Euphorbia jubata
Euphorbia knobelii
Euphorbia knuthii
Euphorbia lactea (Elkhorn, Frilled Fan)
Euphorbia laikipiensis
Euphorbia lambi
Euphorbia lathyris (Caper Spurge, Gopher Purge)
Euphorbia lavrani
Euphorbia lignosa
Euphorbia longispina
Euphorbia lophogona (Randramboay)
Euphorbia loricata
Euphorbia lydenburgensis
Euphorbia magnicapsula
Euphorbia makallensis
Euphorbia mammillaris (Corn Cob Euphorbia)
Euphorbia marginata (Snow on the Mountain)
Euphorbia martinii
Euphorbia meloformis (Melon Spurge)
Euphorbia memoralis
Euphorbia meridionalis
Euphorbia micracantha
Euphorbia milii var. hislopii (Crown of Thorns)
Euphorbia milii var. roseana
Euphorbia milii var. splendens (Crown of Thorns)
Euphorbia milii 'Lutea' (Crown of Thorns)
Euphorbia milloti (Euphorbia millotii)
Euphorbia misera (Cliff Spurge)
Euphorbia mitriformis
Euphorbia mosaica
Euphorbia multiceps
Euphorbia myrsinites (Creeping Spurge, Donkey Tail, Myrtle Spurge)
Euphorbia neobosseri
Euphorbia neohumbertii
Euphorbia neriifolia (Indian Spurgetree, Hedge Euphorbia)
Euphorbia nesemannii
Euphorbia nubigena
Euphorbia obesa (Baseball Plant, Klipnoors)
Euphorbia officinarum
Euphorbia ornithopus
Euphorbia pachypodioides
Euphorbia palustris
Euphorbia perrieri ssp. elongata
Euphorbia persistentifolia
Euphorbia petraea
Euphorbia petricola
Euphorbia phillipsiae
Euphorbia piscidermis (Fish Skin Euphorb)
Euphorbia platyclada
Euphorbia platyclada var. hardyi
Euphorbia poissoni
Euphorbia polycephala
Euphorbia polychroma (Cushion Spurge)
Euphorbia polygona
Euphorbia pseudocactus
Euphorbia pseudoglobosa
Euphorbia pulcherrima (Poinsettia)
Euphorbia pulvinata (Pincushion Euphorbia)
Euphorbia quadrangularis
Euphorbia quadrialata
Euphorbia resinifera (Officinal Spurge)
Euphorbia restricta
Euphorbia rhombifolia
Euphorbia richardsiae var. richardsiae
Euphorbia robbiae
Euphorbia rossii
Euphorbia rowlandii
Euphorbia royleana (Churee)
Euphorbia sakarahaensis
Euphorbia samburuensis
Euphorbia saxorum
Euphorbia schinzii
Euphorbia schizacantha
Euphorbia seguieriana
Euphorbia sekukuniensis
Euphorbia similiramea
Euphorbia sp Lavranos 13176
Euphorbia squarrosa
Euphorbia stellispina
Euphorbia stenoclada (Silver Thicket)
Euphorbia submammillaris
Euphorbia suppressa
Euphorbia susannae (Suzanne's Spurge)
Euphorbia symmetrica
Euphorbia tanquahuete
Euphorbia tirucalli (Pencil Bush, Pencil Tree)
Euphorbia tortirama
Euphorbia triaculeata
Euphorbia trichadenia
Euphorbia trigona (African Milk Tree)
Euphorbia tuberosa
Euphorbia 'Twinkle Twirl'
Euphorbia uhligiana
Euphorbia valida
Euphorbia viguieri
Euphorbia viguieri var. capuroniana
Euphorbia virosa
Euphorbia xylophylloides
Euphorbia abyssinica var. mozambicensis synonym of Euphorbia angularis
Euphorbia acrurensis synonym of Euphorbia abyssinica
Euphorbia antankara synonym of Euphorbia pachypodioides
Euphorbia candelabrum synonym of Euphorbia ingens (Naboom, Candelabra Tree)
Euphorbia capitosa synonym of Euphorbia ferox
Euphorbia capsaintemariensis synonym of Euphorbia cap-saintemariensis
Euphorbia cirsioides synonym of Euphorbia stenoclada (Silver Thicket)
Euphorbia decaryiana synonym of Euphorbia hedyotoides
Euphorbia desmondii synonym of Euphorbia desmondi
Euphorbia drupacea synonym of Euphorbia drupifera
Euphorbia echinata synonym of Euphorbia cereiformis (Milk Barrel)
Euphorbia eendornensis synonym of Euphorbia fusca
Euphorbia enterophora synonym of Euphorbia xylophylloides
Euphorbia epithymoides synonym of Euphorbia polychroma (Cushion Spurge)
Euphorbia erosa synonym of Euphorbia cereiformis (Milk Barrel)
Euphorbia falsa synonym of Euphorbia meloformis (Melon Spurge)
Euphorbia fulva synonym of Euphorbia tanquahuete
Euphorbia geniculata synonym of Euphorbia heterophylla (Desert Poinsettia, Mexican Fire Plant)
Euphorbia glomerata synonym of Euphorbia globosa (Globose Spurge)
Euphorbia golisana synonym of Euphorbia phillipsiae
Euphorbia grandis synonym of Euphorbia abyssinica
Euphorbia hermentiana synonym of Euphorbia trigona (African Milk Tree)
Euphorbia heteropodum synonym of Monadenium heteropodum
Euphorbia impervia synonym of Euphorbia heterochroma
Euphorbia inermis var. laniglans synonym of Euphorbia enormis
Euphorbia infausta synonym of Euphorbia meloformis (Melon Spurge)
Euphorbia insulae-europae synonym of Euphorbia stenoclada (Silver Thicket)
Euphorbia kalaharica synonym of Euphorbia avasmontana
Euphorbia karasmontana synonym of Euphorbia avasmontana
Euphorbia lambii synonym of Euphorbia lambi
Euphorbia lathyrus synonym of Euphorbia lathyris (Caper Spurge, Gopher Purge)
Euphorbia milii var. bosseri synonym of Euphorbia neobosseri
Euphorbia neo-bosseri synonym of Euphorbia neobosseri
Euphorbia neohumbertii var. aureoviridiflora synonym of Euphorbia aureoviridiflora
Euphorbia obesa ssp. symmetrica synonym of Euphorbia symmetrica
Euphorbia odontophylla synonym of Euphorbia cereiformis (Milk Barrel)
Euphorbia prunifolia synonym of Euphorbia heterophylla (Desert Poinsettia, Mexican Fire Plant)
Euphorbia pyriformis synonym of Euphorbia meloformis (Melon Spurge)
Euphorbia richardsae synonym of Euphorbia richardsiae var. richardsiae
Euphorbia rigida synonym of Euphorbia biglandulosa (Gopher Plant)
Euphorbia sansalvador synonym of Euphorbia resinifera (Officinal Spurge)
Euphorbia specksii synonym of Euphorbia hedyotoides
Euphorbia splendens synonym of Euphorbia milii var. splendens (Crown of Thorns)
Euphorbia stapfii synonym of Euphorbia heterochroma
Euphorbia stellaespina synonym of Euphorbia stellispina
Euphorbia stuhlmanii synonym of Euphorbia heterochroma
Euphorbia suzannae synonym of Euphorbia susannae (Suzanne's Spurge)
Euphorbia tithymaloides synonym of Pedilanthus tithymaloides (Devil's Backbone)
Euphorbia viminale synonym of Sarcostemma viminale (Rapunzel Plant, Somabutta )
Euphorbia viperina synonym of Euphorbia inermis

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