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Common Juniper
Scientific Name: Juniperus communis L.
Family: Cupressaceae
Common Juniper (Juniperus  communis)
Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 1: 66. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society.
Recommended Temperature Zone:
sunset: All zones
USDA: 2-9

Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade

Origin: North America, Europe

Growth Habits: Evergreen shrub or tree, generally a mat-forming shrub reaching up to 5 feet in height (1.5 m) and 7 to 14 feet in spread (2-4 m), as a tree, it can reach 25 feet (7.5 m); green to gray-green, 0.3 to 0.5 inch long (7-12 mm), sword-like leaves

Watering Needs: Little water when established.

Propagation: Seeds, cuttings for the cultivars, either way is difficult

The Common Juniper is threatened or endangered in a number of states.

Blooming Habits:

Fruiting Habits:

Common Junipers are dioecious, but can occasionally be monoecious. Male trees have small solitary yellow-brown, catkin like cones. Female trees have waxy, light blue-green, berry-like cones, 0.25 inch in diameter (6 mm). The immature female cones are red covered with a thin bloom, turning bluish-black and glaucous as they mature. Full maturity takes a couple of years.

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