Fickeisen Pincushion Cactus
Synonym: Toumeya fickeisenii, Navajoa fickeisenii, Navajoa peeblesiana var. fickeisenii, Pediocactus peeblesianus var. fickeiseniae, Neonavajoa peeblesiana ssp. fickeisenii
Listed in CITES Appendix 1
Cactus; solitary or clustered, globose to 6.0 cm (2.4 in.) tall and to 5.5 cm (2.2 in.) in diameter; tubercles 3.0-7.0 mm (0.12-0.28 in.) long, 4.0-6.0 mm (0.16-0.24 in.) broad. Areoles circular; spines spongy, not obscuring the stem; central spine, 0.5-1.8 cm (0.2-0.72 in.) long, mostly 1.0 mm (0.04 in.) wide at the base, white to pale gray, ascending; radial spines 3 to 7, 2.0-9.0 mm (0.08-0.36 in.) long, white to pale gray, recurving. Flowers to 2.5 cm (1.0 in.) in diameter; petaloid perianth parts cream, yellow or yellowish-green; outer perianth parts with pink or green midstripe; stamens yellow; stigma yellow. Fruit top-shaped, green turning reddish-brown as it dries; dehiscent by a vertical slit along the ovary wall; seeds dark brown to black.
AIDS TO IDENTIFICATION: P. peeblesianus var. fickeiseniae has corky/spongy spines and a central spine which P.p. var. peeblesianus lacks. Var. fickeiseniae also has 3-7 radial spines while var. peeblesianus has 4-5. Var. fickeiseniaeis larger in size than var. peeblesianus.
TOTAL RANGE: Northern Arizona, Coconino and Mohave counties. Widely scattered populations from House Rock Valley and the area of Gray Mountain along canyon rims of the Little Colorado and Colorado rivers, Coconino County. In Mohave County, it is found in Hurricane Valley and Main Street Valley, and near Clayhole Ridge and Sunshine Ridge.
SPECIES BIOLOGY AND POPULATION TRENDS
SPECIES PROTECTION AND CONSERVATION: ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT STATUS:C (USDI, FWS 1996) [C1 USDI, FWS 1980] [PTN-T USDI, FWS 1975] STATE STATUS:Highly Safeguarded (ARS 1993)
Source: Arizona Game and Fish Department. 1999.
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