Epiphyllum

 

Epiphyllum is a genus containing epiphyte cactus (meaning that they live carried by trees, like many orchids). It has been popular for a long time to use in hanging baskets, or as patio plants. Many species and genus have been hybridized, and the plants sold today with brightly colored flowers, have little in common with the wild plants that normally have white flowers. The red and orange colors come from crossing the original epiphyllum with other cactus of the genera Heliocereus and Nopalxochia.

The name epiphyllum comes for the Greek for "over the leaf" in reference to the position of the flower. Of course epiphyllum 'leaves', are really only flattened stems.

The ancestors of today Epiphyllum lives in trees with a small root system, used to absorb nutrients from vegetation debris that accumulate around them. When grown in a container, they need a soil rich in organic matter with a very good drainage. Epiphyllum should not be exposed to frost.

Species and varieties
Epiphyllum anguliger
Epiphyllum cartagense
Epiphyllum caudatum
Epiphyllum columbiense
Epiphyllum costaricense
Epiphyllum crenatum
Epiphyllum crenatum var. kimnachii
Epiphyllum floribundum
Epiphyllum grandilobum
Epiphyllum guatemalense
Epiphyllum hookeri
Epiphyllum laui
Epiphyllum lepidocarpum
Epiphyllum oxypetalum
Epiphyllum phyllanthus
Epiphyllum pittieri
Epiphyllum pumilum
Epiphyllum rubrocoronatum
Epiphyllum thomasianum
Epiphyllum trimetrale
Epiphyllum ackermanni synonym of Disocactus ackermannii
Epiphyllum acuminatum synonym of Epiphyllum oxypetalum
Epiphyllum altensteinii synonym of Schlumbergera truncata (False Christmas Cactus)
Epiphyllum bradei synonym of Weberocereus bradei
Epiphyllum bridgesii synonym of Schlumbergera truncata (False Christmas Cactus)
Epiphyllum buckleyi synonym of Schlumbergera buckleyi
Epiphyllum candidum synonym of Schlumbergera microsphaerica ssp. candida
Epiphyllum caulorhizum synonym of Epiphyllum crenatum
Epiphyllum chrysocardium synonym of Selenicereus chrysocardium
Epiphyllum cooperi synonym of Epiphyllum crenatum
Epiphyllum crispatum synonym of Rhipsalis crispata
Epiphyllum darrahii synonym of Epiphyllum anguliger
Epiphyllum delicatum synonym of Schlumbergera truncata (False Christmas Cactus)
Epiphyllum eichlamii synonym of Disocactus eichlamii
Epiphyllum gaertneri synonym of Hatiora gaertneri (Easter Cactus)
Epiphyllum gaillardae synonym of Epiphyllum phyllanthus
Epiphyllum gigas synonym of Epiphyllum grandilobum
Epiphyllum grande synonym of Epiphyllum oxypetalum
Epiphyllum latifrons synonym of Epiphyllum oxypetalum
Epiphyllum latifrons synonym of Epiphyllum hookeri
Epiphyllum macrocarpum synonym of Epiphyllum costaricense
Epiphyllum macropterum synonym of Epiphyllum thomasianum
Epiphyllum macropterum var. thomasianum synonym of Epiphyllum thomasianum
Epiphyllum makoyanum synonym of Hatiora gaertneri (Easter Cactus)
Epiphyllum nelsonii synonym of Disocactus nelsonii
Epiphyllum obovatum synonym of Schlumbergera opuntioides
Epiphyllum obtusangulum synonym of Schlumbergera microsphaerica
Epiphyllum opuntioides synonym of Schlumbergera opuntioides
Epiphyllum phyllanthus var. columbiense synonym of Epiphyllum columbiense
Epiphyllum phyllanthus var. guatemalense synonym of Epiphyllum guatemalense
Epiphyllum phyllanthus var. hookeri synonym of Epiphyllum hookeri
Epiphyllum phyllanthus var. pittieri synonym of Epiphyllum pittieri
Epiphyllum phyllanthus var. rubrocoronatum synonym of Epiphyllum rubrocoronatum
Epiphyllum quezaltecum synonym of Disocactus quezaltecus
Epiphyllum ruckeri synonym of Schlumbergera truncata (False Christmas Cactus)
Epiphyllum ruckerianum synonym of Schlumbergera truncata (False Christmas Cactus)
Epiphyllum ruestii synonym of Epiphyllum hookeri
Epiphyllum russellianum synonym of Schlumbergera russelliana
Epiphyllum russellianum var. gaertneri synonym of Hatiora gaertneri (Easter Cactus)
Epiphyllum steyermarkii synonym of Selenicereus inermis
Epiphyllum strictum synonym of Epiphyllum hookeri
Epiphyllum thomasianum var. costaricense synonym of Epiphyllum costaricense
Epiphyllum truncatum synonym of Schlumbergera truncata (False Christmas Cactus)
Epiphyllum truncatum var. bridgesii synonym of Schlumbergera truncata (False Christmas Cactus)

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