Copiapoa

 

The genus Copiapoa contains over 20 species coming from the Atacama desert, on the coastline of northern Chile. The name Copiapoa comes from the city of Copiapó in northern Chile. These cactus have adapted to meeting their water need from the fog that often blanket the coast, since it rains there excessively rarely. They grow slowly in cultivation, and their appearance change: the color is often different, the chalky coating from some species is sometimes washed away, the spination is often weaker, and even the shape becomes more elongated.

The Copiapoas are propagated by seeds, grafting, or division if the species is clumping. The seeds are produced in very small quantities and grow slowly.

Species and varieties
Copiapoa bridgesii (Copiapoa de Bridges)
Copiapoa calderana
Copiapoa cinerascens
Copiapoa cinerea (Copiapoa de Philippi)
Copiapoa conglomerata
Copiapoa coquimbana (Coquimbano)
Copiapoa echinata var. borealis
Copiapoa echinoides
Copiapoa echinoides var. cuprea
Copiapoa echinoides var. dura
Copiapoa esmeraldana
Copiapoa fiedleriana
Copiapoa grandiflora
Copiapoa haseltoniana
Copiapoa humilis (Humildito)
Copiapoa hypogaea
Copiapoa krainziana (Chascón)
Copiapoa laui
Copiapoa longistaminea
Copiapoa malletiana (Copiapoa de Carrizal)
Copiapoa marginata
Copiapoa megarhiza
Copiapoa mollicula (Bajotierra)
Copiapoa serpentisulcata
Copiapoa solaris
Copiapoa solaris var. ferox
Copiapoa taltalensis (Quisco del Desierto)
Copiapoa tenuissima
Copiapoa tocopillana (Tocopillano)
Copiapoa albispina synonym of Copiapoa cinerea (Copiapoa de Philippi)
Copiapoa alticostata synonym of Copiapoa coquimbana (Coquimbano)
Copiapoa applanata synonym of Copiapoa cinerascens
Copiapoa atacamensis synonym of Copiapoa calderana
Copiapoa barquitensis synonym of Copiapoa hypogaea
Copiapoa boliviana synonym of Copiapoa calderana
Copiapoa brunnescens synonym of Copiapoa megarhiza
Copiapoa calderana ssp. longistaminea synonym of Copiapoa longistaminea
Copiapoa carrizalensis synonym of Copiapoa malletiana (Copiapoa de Carrizal)
Copiapoa cinerascens var. grandiflora synonym of Copiapoa grandiflora
Copiapoa cinerascens var. intermedia synonym of Copiapoa cinerascens
Copiapoa cinerea var. gigantea synonym of Copiapoa haseltoniana
Copiapoa cinerea var. krainziana synonym of Copiapoa krainziana (Chascón)
Copiapoa cinerea var. longistaminea synonym of Copiapoa longistaminea
Copiapoa cinerea ssp. haseltoniana synonym of Copiapoa haseltoniana
Copiapoa columna-alba synonym of Copiapoa cinerea (Copiapoa de Philippi)
Copiapoa copiapensis synonym of Copiapoa cinerascens
Copiapoa cuprea synonym of Copiapoa echinoides var. cuprea
Copiapoa cupreatus synonym of Copiapoa echinoides
Copiapoa dealbata synonym of Copiapoa malletiana (Copiapoa de Carrizal)
Copiapoa desertorum synonym of Copiapoa taltalensis (Quisco del Desierto)
Copiapoa dura synonym of Copiapoa echinoides var. dura
Copiapoa echinata synonym of Copiapoa fiedleriana
Copiapoa eremophila synonym of Copiapoa haseltoniana
Copiapoa ferox synonym of Copiapoa solaris var. ferox
Copiapoa gigantea var. haseltoniana synonym of Copiapoa haseltoniana
Copiapoa hornilloensis synonym of Copiapoa taltalensis (Quisco del Desierto)
Copiapoa humilis var. tenuissima synonym of Copiapoa tenuissima
Copiapoa humilis var. tocopillana synonym of Copiapoa tocopillana (Tocopillano)
Copiapoa hypogaea var. barquitensis synonym of Copiapoa hypogaea
Copiapoa hypogaea var. montana synonym of Copiapoa taltalensis (Quisco del Desierto)
Copiapoa intermedia synonym of Copiapoa fiedleriana
Copiapoa krainziana var. brunnescens synonym of Copiapoa megarhiza
Copiapoa lembckei synonym of Copiapoa calderana
Copiapoa longispina synonym of Copiapoa mollicula (Bajotierra)
Copiapoa melanohystrix synonym of Copiapoa cinerea (Copiapoa de Philippi)
Copiapoa montana synonym of Copiapoa taltalensis (Quisco del Desierto)
Copiapoa montana ssp. grandiflora synonym of Copiapoa grandiflora
Copiapoa olivana synonym of Copiapoa taltalensis (Quisco del Desierto)
Copiapoa paposoensis synonym of Copiapoa humilis (Humildito)
Copiapoa pendulina synonym of Copiapoa coquimbana (Coquimbano)
Copiapoa pseudocoquimbana synonym of Copiapoa coquimbana (Coquimbano)
Copiapoa rarissima synonym of Copiapoa taltalensis (Quisco del Desierto)
Copiapoa rubriflora synonym of Copiapoa taltalensis (Quisco del Desierto)
Copiapoa rupestris synonym of Copiapoa taltalensis (Quisco del Desierto)
Copiapoa rupestris ssp. desertorum synonym of Copiapoa taltalensis (Quisco del Desierto)
Copiapoa serpentisulcata var. castanea synonym of Copiapoa serpentisulcata
Copiapoa tenebrosa synonym of Copiapoa haseltoniana
Copiapoa totoralensis synonym of Copiapoa fiedleriana
Copiapoa vallenarensis synonym of Copiapoa coquimbana (Coquimbano)
Copiapoa variispinata synonym of Copiapoa conglomerata
Copiapoa wagenknechtii synonym of Copiapoa coquimbana (Coquimbano)

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