Cleistocactus

 

Cleistocactus is a popular cactus genus from South America, containing between 50 and 100 species depending on the author. In the recent years a number of genus have been regrouped in cleistocactus, making this genus quite large. Species from these genus have been included: Akersia, Bolivicereus, Borzicactella, Borzicactus, Hildewintera, Seticereus, Seticleistocactus, Winteria, Winterocereus, Yungasocereus.

The name Cleistocactus comes from the Greek for 'closed cactus' referring to the appearance of the flowers. The species that used to be in the Borzicactus genus have flowers that open wider.

Most species are fast growers and are propagated by seeds or cuttings.

Species and varieties
Cleistocactus acanthurus
Cleistocactus acanthurus ssp. faustianus
Cleistocactus baumannii (Scarlet Bugler, Firecracker Cactus)
Cleistocactus baumannii ssp. anguinus
Cleistocactus baumannii ssp. chacoanus
Cleistocactus baumannii ssp. croceiflorus
Cleistocactus baumannii ssp. horstii
Cleistocactus baumannii ssp. santacruzensis
Cleistocactus baumannii 'bruneispinus'
Cleistocactus brookei
Cleistocactus buchtienii
Cleistocactus candelilla
Cleistocactus chotaensis
Cleistocactus clavispinus
Cleistocactus crassiserpens
Cleistocactus dependens
Cleistocactus ferrarii
Cleistocactus fieldianus
Cleistocactus fieldianus ssp. samnensis
Cleistocactus fieldianus ssp. tessellatus
Cleistocactus grossei
Cleistocactus hildegardiae
Cleistocactus hyalacanthus
Cleistocactus hystrix
Cleistocactus icosagonus
Cleistocactus laniceps
Cleistocactus luribayensis
Cleistocactus micropetalus
Cleistocactus morawetzianus
Cleistocactus muyurinensis
Cleistocactus neoroezlii
Cleistocactus orthogonus
Cleistocactus pachycladus
Cleistocactus palhuayensis
Cleistocactus paraguariensis
Cleistocactus parapetiensis
Cleistocactus parviflorus
Cleistocactus peculiaris
Cleistocactus piraymirensis
Cleistocactus plagiostoma
Cleistocactus pungens
Cleistocactus reae
Cleistocactus ritteri
Cleistocactus roezlii
Cleistocactus samaipatanus
Cleistocactus sepium
Cleistocactus serpens
Cleistocactus sextonianus
Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus
Cleistocactus strausii (Silver Torch Cactus)
Cleistocactus tarijensis
Cleistocactus tenuiserpens
Cleistocactus tominensis
Cleistocactus tupizensis
Cleistocactus variispinus
Cleistocactus vulpis-cauda
Cleistocactus winteri (Golden Rat Tail)
Cleistocactus xylorhizus
Cleistocactus acanthurus ssp. pullatus synonym of Cleistocactus acanthurus
Cleistocactus angosturensis synonym of Cleistocactus buchtienii
Cleistocactus anguinus synonym of Cleistocactus baumannii ssp. anguinus
Cleistocactus apurimacensis synonym of Cleistocactus morawetzianus
Cleistocactus areolatus synonym of Cleistocactus parviflorus
Cleistocactus areolatus var. herzogianus synonym of Cleistocactus parviflorus
Cleistocactus aureispinus synonym of Cleistocactus baumannii (Scarlet Bugler, Firecracker Cactus)
Cleistocactus aureispinus synonym of Cleistocactus winteri (Golden Rat Tail)
Cleistocactus aureus synonym of Corryocactus aureus
Cleistocactus ayopayanus synonym of Cleistocactus buchtienii
Cleistocactus azerensis synonym of Cleistocactus parapetiensis
Cleistocactus baumannii var. colubrinus synonym of Cleistocactus baumannii 'bruneispinus'
Cleistocactus baumannii var. paraguariensis synonym of Cleistocactus paraguariensis
Cleistocactus brevispinus synonym of Cleistocactus peculiaris
Cleistocactus brookeae synonym of Cleistocactus brookei
Cleistocactus brookeae ssp. vulpis-cauda synonym of Cleistocactus vulpis-cauda
Cleistocactus bruneispinus synonym of Cleistocactus baumannii 'bruneispinus'
Cleistocactus candelilla var. pojoensis synonym of Cleistocactus candelilla
Cleistocactus capadalensis synonym of Cleistocactus tominensis
Cleistocactus chacoanus synonym of Cleistocactus baumannii ssp. chacoanus
Cleistocactus clavicaulis synonym of Cleistocactus tominensis
Cleistocactus colubrinus synonym of Cleistocactus baumannii 'bruneispinus'
Cleistocactus colubrinus var. smaragdiflorus synonym of Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus
Cleistocactus compactus synonym of Cleistocactus tarijensis
Cleistocactus crassicaulis synonym of Cleistocactus tominensis
Cleistocactus croceiflorus synonym of Cleistocactus baumannii ssp. croceiflorus
Cleistocactus flavispinus synonym of Cleistocactus baumannii (Scarlet Bugler, Firecracker Cactus)
Cleistocactus fossulatus synonym of Oreocereus pseudofossulatus
Cleistocactus fusiflorus synonym of Cleistocactus parviflorus
Cleistocactus glaucus synonym of Cleistocactus luribayensis
Cleistocactus granjaensis synonym of Cleistocactus luribayensis
Cleistocactus herzogianus synonym of Cleistocactus parviflorus
Cleistocactus horstii synonym of Cleistocactus baumannii ssp. horstii
Cleistocactus humboldtii synonym of Cleistocactus icosagonus
Cleistocactus ianthinus synonym of Cleistocactus candelilla
Cleistocactus jugatiflorus synonym of Cleistocactus baumannii (Scarlet Bugler, Firecracker Cactus)
Cleistocactus jujuyensis synonym of Cleistocactus hyalacanthus
Cleistocactus kerberi synonym of Stenocereus kerberi (Sina)
Cleistocactus lanatus synonym of Espostoa lanata (Peruvian Old Man Cactus)
Cleistocactus leonensis synonym of Cleistocactus serpens
Cleistocactus mendozae synonym of Cleistocactus tominensis
Cleistocactus moravetzianus var. pycnacanthus synonym of Cleistocactus morawetzianus
Cleistocactus parviflorus var. herzogianus synonym of Cleistocactus parviflorus
Cleistocactus pojoensis synonym of Cleistocactus candelilla
Cleistocactus pycnacanthus synonym of Cleistocactus morawetzianus
Cleistocactus ressinianus synonym of Cleistocactus buchtienii
Cleistocactus rhodacanthus synonym of Denmoza rhodacantha
Cleistocactus rojoi synonym of Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus
Cleistocactus santacruzensis synonym of Cleistocactus baumannii ssp. santacruzensis
Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus synonym of Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus
Cleistocactus strausii var. jujuyensis synonym of Cleistocactus hyalacanthus
Cleistocactus sucrensis synonym of Cleistocactus buchtienii
Cleistocactus vallegrandensis synonym of Cleistocactus candelilla
Cleistocactus varispinus synonym of Cleistocactus variispinus
Cleistocactus villaazuensis synonym of Cleistocactus morawetzianus
Cleistocactus viridialabastri synonym of Cleistocactus tominensis
Cleistocactus viridiflorus synonym of Cleistocactus palhuayensis
Cleistocactus wendlandiorum synonym of Cleistocactus brookei

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