Cephalocereus

 

Cephalocereus represent about 5 slow growing columnar cactus species from Mexico. It used to be much larger genus (Britton & Rose list 48 species), but many of the species have been moved to the genus Pilosocereus. The name Cephalocereus means 'Cereus with a cephalium', Cereus being the name of a fairly large category of columnar cactus. In turn Cereus is coming from the latine for 'candle'.

Older specimen develop a cephalium, hairier area on their side, from where the trumpet shaped flowers are coming.

Propagation is by seeds or sometimes by cuttings.

Species and varieties
Cephalocereus apicicephalium
Cephalocereus columna-trajani (Organo)
Cephalocereus nizandensis
Cephalocereus senilis (Old Man Cactus, Old Man of Mexico, Cabeza de Viejo)
Cephalocereus totolapensis
Cephalocereus alensis synonym of Pilosocereus alensis
Cephalocereus arrabidae synonym of Pilosocereus arrabidae
Cephalocereus atroviridis synonym of Cereus repandus (Hedge Cactus, Peruvian Apple Cactus)
Cephalocereus aurisetus synonym of Pilosocereus aurisetus
Cephalocereus backebergii synonym of Pilosocereus lanuginosus
Cephalocereus bahamensis synonym of Pilosocereus polygonus (Bahama Dildo, Robin Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus barbadensis synonym of Pilosocereus royenii (Royen's Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus blossfeldiorum synonym of Espostoa blossfeldiorum
Cephalocereus bradei synonym of Cipocereus bradei
Cephalocereus brasiliensis synonym of Pilosocereus brasiliensis
Cephalocereus brooksianus synonym of Pilosocereus royenii (Royen's Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus catingicola synonym of Pilosocereus catingicola
Cephalocereus chrysacanthus synonym of Pilosocereus chrysacanthus
Cephalocereus chrysomallus synonym of Pachycereus militaris
Cephalocereus chrysostele synonym of Pilosocereus chrysostele
Cephalocereus claroviridis synonym of Pilosocereus lanuginosus
Cephalocereus collinsii synonym of Pilosocereus purpusii (Viejos)
Cephalocereus colombianus synonym of Pilosocereus lanuginosus
Cephalocereus cometes synonym of Pilosocereus leucocephalus (Woolly Torch)
Cephalocereus cuyabensis synonym of Pilosocereus machrisii
Cephalocereus deeringii synonym of Pilosocereus polygonus (Bahama Dildo, Robin Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus delaetii synonym of Echinocereus longisetus ssp. delaetii (Viejitos)
Cephalocereus dybowskii synonym of Espostoopsis dybowskii
Cephalocereus euphorbioides synonym of Neobuxbaumia euphorbioides
Cephalocereus exerens synonym of Pilosocereus arrabidae
Cephalocereus fluminensis synonym of Coleocephalocereus fluminensis
Cephalocereus fricii synonym of Cereus fricii
Cephalocereus fulviceps synonym of Pachycereus fulviceps
Cephalocereus gaumeri synonym of Pilosocereus royenii (Royen's Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus glaucescens synonym of Pilosocereus glaucescens
Cephalocereus glaucochrous synonym of Pilosocereus glaucochrous
Cephalocereus gounellei synonym of Pilosocereus gounellei (Xique-Xique)
Cephalocereus guentheri synonym of Espostoa guentheri
Cephalocereus guerreronis synonym of Pilosocereus alensis
Cephalocereus hagendorfi synonym of Cephalocereus columna-trajani (Organo)
Cephalocereus hapalacanthus synonym of Pilosocereus catingicola
Cephalocereus hoppenstedtii synonym of Cephalocereus columna-trajani (Organo)
Cephalocereus kanukuensis synonym of Pilosocereus oligolepis
Cephalocereus keyensis synonym of Pilosocereus polygonus (Bahama Dildo, Robin Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus lanuginosus synonym of Pilosocereus lanuginosus
Cephalocereus lehmannianus synonym of Micranthocereus purpureus
Cephalocereus leucocephalus synonym of Pilosocereus leucocephalus (Woolly Torch)
Cephalocereus leucostele synonym of Stephanocereus leucostele
Cephalocereus luetzelburgii synonym of Stephanocereus luetzelburgii
Cephalocereus machrisii synonym of Pilosocereus machrisii
Cephalocereus macrocephalus synonym of Neobuxbaumia macrocephala
Cephalocereus maxonii synonym of Pilosocereus leucocephalus (Woolly Torch)
Cephalocereus melanostele synonym of Espostoa melanostele
Cephalocereus melocactus synonym of Coleocephalocereus fluminensis
Cephalocereus meniensis synonym of Cipocereus minensis
Cephalocereus mezcalaensis synonym of Neobuxbaumia mezcalaensis
Cephalocereus mezcalaensis var. multiareolatus synonym of Neobuxbaumia multiareolata
Cephalocereus militaris synonym of Pachycereus militaris
Cephalocereus millspaughii synonym of Pilosocereus royenii (Royen's Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus minensis synonym of Cipocereus minensis
Cephalocereus monoclonos synonym of Pilosocereus royenii (Royen's Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus moritzianus synonym of Pilosocereus lanuginosus
Cephalocereus nobilis synonym of Pilosocereus royenii (Royen's Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus nobilis var. curtisii synonym of Pilosocereus royenii (Royen's Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus oligolepis synonym of Pilosocereus oligolepis
Cephalocereus palmeri synonym of Pilosocereus leucocephalus (Woolly Torch)
Cephalocereus penicillatus synonym of Arrojadoa penicillata
Cephalocereus pentaedrophorus synonym of Pilosocereus pentaedrophorus (Facheiro)
Cephalocereus perlucens synonym of Cereus hexagonus (Lady of the Night Cactus)
Cephalocereus phaeacanthus synonym of Brasilicereus phaeacanthus
Cephalocereus piauhyensis synonym of Pilosocereus piauhyensis (Facheiro)
Cephalocereus polyanthus synonym of Micranthocereus polyanthus
Cephalocereus polygonus synonym of Pilosocereus polygonus (Bahama Dildo, Robin Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus polylophus synonym of Neobuxbaumia polylopha
Cephalocereus purpureus synonym of Micranthocereus purpureus
Cephalocereus purpusii synonym of Pilosocereus purpusii (Viejos)
Cephalocereus quadricentralis synonym of Pilosocereus quadricentralis
Cephalocereus remolinensis synonym of Cereus repandus (Hedge Cactus, Peruvian Apple Cactus)
Cephalocereus rhodanthus synonym of Arrojadoa rhodantha ssp. rhodantha
Cephalocereus robinii synonym of Pilosocereus polygonus (Bahama Dildo, Robin Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus robustus synonym of Pilosocereus ulei
Cephalocereus royenii synonym of Pilosocereus royenii (Royen's Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus rupicola synonym of Pilosocereus catingicola
Cephalocereus russellianus synonym of Cereus fricii
Cephalocereus salvadorensis synonym of Pilosocereus catingicola ssp. salvadorensis
Cephalocereus sartorianus synonym of Pilosocereus leucocephalus (Woolly Torch)
Cephalocereus scoparius synonym of Neobuxbaumia scoparia
Cephalocereus sergipensis synonym of Pilosocereus catingicola
Cephalocereus smithianus synonym of Praecereus euchlorus ssp. smithianus
Cephalocereus strictus synonym of Pilosocereus royenii (Royen's Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus swartzii synonym of Pilosocereus royenii (Royen's Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus tehuacanus synonym of Pilosocereus leucocephalus (Woolly Torch)
Cephalocereus tetazo synonym of Neobuxbaumia tetetzo (Tetetzo, Cardón)
Cephalocereus tetetzo synonym of Neobuxbaumia tetetzo (Tetetzo, Cardón)
Cephalocereus tweedyanus synonym of Pilosocereus lanuginosus
Cephalocereus ulei synonym of Pilosocereus ulei
Cephalocereus ulei synonym of Facheiroa ulei
Cephalocereus urbanianus synonym of Pilosocereus royenii (Royen's Tree Cactus)
Cephalocereus zehntneri synonym of Pilosocereus gounellei ssp. zehntneri

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